SOCIAL RESPONSABILITY PROJECTS
Community Rural Tourism refers to any tourism activity that take place in rural areas. We planned the activities in a sustainable manner, based on the organized participation of local populations in order to benefit the community. This project focuses on the "Development of a competitive and sustainable tourism", as a strategy for the fight against poverty. Through which we want to encourage people to keep their traditions, customs and way of life. The house-to-house project aims to improve the quality of life of the inhabitants, through experiential tourism where the inhabitants will participate and these activities with tourists.
Community rural tourism is in the list of the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the development objectives Sustainable Development - 2016, which contemplates:
- End poverty in all its forms.
- Guarantee a healthy life and promote well-being for the inhabitants.
- Guarantee an inclusive, equitable and quality education; promoting lifelong learning opportunities for the population.
- Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent Job
- Develop sustainable, reliable and quality infrastructures to support economic development and human well-being.
ACTIVITIES WITH LOCAL FAMILIES
The Patronage of Machu Picchu has encouraged the communities involved with the celebration of the Inca bridge of Q'eswachaka, to keep the ancient activity/ritual of the bridge’s reconstruction. In order to do that, we offer the service of lodging at home of the inhabitants since 2015.
Walk on the bridge
Offering to the Pachamama (Mother Earth)
Workshop of the fabric of the bridge
Typical kitchen workshop in the area
Presentation of typical garments and crafts
CELEBRATION OF THE INCA Q'ESWACHAKA BRIDGE
“The Spaniards, upon their arrival in the territory of the Tawantinsuyo, were amazed and surprised to find themselves facing a vast network of Inca roads, within them the quality and variety of the bridges. Specially, the hanging bridges made of vegetable fiber or straw caused not only admiration but also a deserved recognition because of their technology. This is why many scientists and travelers have ended up admiring the amazing Inca and pre-Inca architecture, along history. Another highlight is the conservation of the ancient traditions, rituals and customs of the communities. The best example is the annual reconstruction of The Inca Bridge Q’eswachaka located in the rural community of Huinchiri, in the district of Quehue, province of Canas, Cusco Region".
This day begins with the offering in the middle of a ceremony in favor of the Apu tutelary Quinsallallawi. Meanwhile the main material "qoya ichu" is collected in advance by the four communities; it is in this activity that the Andean woman who is in charge of knitting the first soguilla or qheswa actively participates; in the afternoon the males divided into two groups meet over both sides of the bridge and spread the soguillas or queas from end to end which are braided by the chakaruhac (Inca engineer) to assemble the qheswaska or greater braid
This day begins untying the old ropes that are tied to stone nails, which will again tie the new braids and once finished, will begin to throw the ropes from one end to the other. The braiding of the ropes takes its time the same as tying the cables, finally the four thick ropes that serve as the base and the two rails or handrails are placed
This day concludes with the assembly of the handrails and the surface of the bridge, which will serve to cross. Once finished it begins with the opening of the bridge to the sound of music and typical dances of the area.
The festival of the relaunching of the Q 'eswachaka bridge takes place every year in the month of June, lasts three days of hard work and concludes the fourth day with a beautiful festival of native dances by the inhabitants of the 4 communities The renovation of Q 'eswachaka physically involves replacing the super structure, re-evaluating and demonstrating that there are still many traditions, techniques and ceremonies that have survived the years and that show that our culture is alive.
We want to get in touch with other NGOs willing to send volunteers to help us in the renovation of inhabitant’s houses, and with the feasibility of other projects similar to this. In addition, we need volunteers to support the communities in their daily activities, agriculture and education for young people. In the same way, it would be interesting to have resources in microcredit organizations for the commitment of construction materials.
The Culture Board of Machupicchu wishes to direct specific circuits with a vision towards rural community tourism, adapted to all types of people and economies, (both for individual travelers or in groups) through the path of volunteering. This responds to the needs formulated by the communities that want the tourism season to fill all the spaces and that the tourists could stay several days in order to share more cultural experiences. For this, we want many volunteers to come and help us with the communities and the growth of the tourist demand. This, of course, will allow the communities to improve their quality of life thanks to this complementary activity. The project will not corrupt or neglect the communities from continuing their traditional activities that constitute a large part of their identity (agriculture, pastoralism, handicrafts and the customs of the inhabitants).
For the last four years, these lodgings have received tourists who come from alternative trekking circuits. Tierras De Los Andes, motivated by community tourism wants to make its own specific circuits in the field of rural tourism. The NGOs were present in the villages of Chinchero, Huchuyqosqo and Patabamba for the construction of hygienic services. At the national level, MINCETUR (ministry of foreign trade and tourism) encourages this new trend of tourism in Peru, through the realization of a strategic plan: methodologies, promotion, organization of events and the association of those involved in the tourism sector.
The lack of means for the purchase of construction materials. The need for constant training of host families on some issues. Due to the lack of information to tourists about the necessary services, they have received complaints about the lack of hot water, which is somewhat uncomfortable for them.
Located in the Province of Anta, district of Zurite, the Botanical Garden has wonderful agricultural architecture, with platforms of monumental dimensions: extensive lines with retaining walls of more than three meters with two types of platforms, one purely agricultural and other smaller with support function. Nowadays, this place is an experimental station platform where they perform works of conservation and improvement of Andean species. It is a sample of the native flora; they intend to promote interest in the biodiversity of the region. Then, it seems like a tourist place of recreation as well as providing scientific and educational information. Peru has a special geographical location and agro-ecological conditions. There are varieties of climates and microclimates; contains 84 life zones of the 114 existing. Peru is among the 12 most biodiverse countries on earth, known as megadiverse countries, both for the number of species and genetic resources as well as the variety of ecosystems. Is estimated it has about 25,000 known plant species, with 17,144 species of flowering plants (Angiosperms and Gymnosperms); the 31.23% are endemic species.
MAIN TYPES OF CULTIVATED PLANTS
Native Fruit Trees
The use of medicinal plants in Peru is as old as our Andean culture; many knowledge is rooted in popular knowledge. However, the excessive "modernization" of Western Medicine has relegated this knowledge and, in certain aspects, forgotten. Within this context, the use of medicinal plants has been and will continue to be a preventive and curative alternative to western medicine. However as any natural resource is subject to indiscriminate extraction by simple collection and its consumption will not be guaranteed as long as there are no regulations that ensure your health and quality.
Ethno-knowledge is in close relationship with the preservation of flora, because as long as there are plant resources there will be those who know how to use and manage it. Therefore, the destruction of forests and the extinction of their plant diversity will have a comparable effect with burning the libraries in the western world.
Currently, in the face of the loss of natural ecosystems, ex situ conservation is an alternative that, in addition to raising awareness and promoting the public interest in biodiversity, generates information to guarantee actively conservation programs. In Peru, there are 5000 varieties of plants with different purposes, of which 1044 medicinal species stand out, 1608 ornamental, 134 dye species, and 179 toxic species among others.